The following SPs apply for the following UN numbers for transport by road:
lithium metal batteries (including lithium alloy batteries)
188, 230, 310, 376, 377, 636
lithium metal batteries contained in equipment, or lithium metal batteries packed with equipment (including lithium alloy batteries)
188, 230, 310, 360, 376, 377, 636
lithium ion batteries (including lithium ion polymer batteries)
188, 230, 310, 348, 376, 377, 636
lithium ion batteries contained in equipment, or lithium ion batteries packed with equipment (including lithium ion polymer batteries).
188, 230, 310, 348, 360, 376, 377, 636
lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit lithium ion batteries or lithium metal batteries
exempts lithium batteries from other provisions of the code; however, shipment must meet the following provisions of SP 188:
1. lithium content/watt-hour rating for cells
2. aggregate lithium content/watt-hour rating for batteries
3. manufacturing and testing
5. when installed in equipment
6. package marking
7. drop test of package
8. gross mass of packages.
SP 188 of Chapter 3.3 shows that lithium cells and batteries shall be marked with the new lithium battery mark
Lithium cells and batteries may be carried under this entry if they meet the provisions of 18.104.22.168.7 — which refers to testing criteria and quality management programmes.
Relates to production runs and prototypes.
States that batteries manufactured after 31 December 2011 shall be marked with the watt-hour rating on the outside case.
States that vehicles powered only by lithium metal or ion batteries shall be classified as UN 3171 — battery-powered vehicle.
Covers the requirements for damaged and defective lithium batteries.
Covers the requirements for waste and recycling of lithium batteries.
Cells contained in equipment shall not be capable of being discharged during carriage to the extent that the open circuit voltage falls below two volts or two-thirds of the voltage of the undischarged cell, whichever is the lower.
This entry only applies to cargo transport units in which lithium ion batteries or lithium metal batteries are installed and which are designed only to provide power external to the unit. The lithium batteries shall meet the provisions of 22.214.171.124.7(a) to (g) and contain the necessary systems to prevent overcharge and over discharge between the batteries. The batteries shall be securely attached to the interior structure of the cargo transport unit (eg by means of placement in racks, cabinets, etc) in such a manner as to prevent short circuits, accidental operation, and significant movement relative to the cargo transport unit under the shocks, loadings and vibrations normally incident to carriage. Dangerous goods necessary for the safe and proper operation of the cargo transport unit (eg fire extinguishing systems and air conditioning systems), shall be properly secured to or installed in the cargo transport unit and are not otherwise subject to ADR. Dangerous goods not necessary for the safe and proper operation of the cargo transport unit shall not be carried within the cargo transport unit.
The batteries inside the cargo transport unit are not subject to marking or labelling requirements. The cargo transport unit shall bear orange-coloured plates in accordance with 126.96.36.199 and placards in accordance with 188.8.131.52 on two opposing sides.